Parallel complex quadrature spatial modulation

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In this paper, we propose a new multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission scheme, called parallel complex quadrature spatial modulation (PCQSM). The proposed technique is based on the complex quadrature spatial modulation (CQSM) to further increase the spectral efficiency of the communication system. CQSM transmits two different complex symbols at each channel use. In contrast with CQSM, the new transmission scheme splits the transmit antennas into groups, and modulates the two signal symbols using the conventional CQSM before transmission.Based on the selected modulation order and the number of possible groups that can be realized, the incoming bits modulate the two signal symbols and the indices of the transmit antennas in each group. We demonstrated that while the complexity and performance of the proposed scheme is the same as that of CQSM, the number of required transmit antennas is significantly reduced. The proposed PCQSM achieves such a benefit without requiring any additional radio frequency (RF) chains. The results obtained from Monte Carlo simulation showed that at a Bit Error Rate (BER) of 10-4, the performance of the PCQSM with two antenna groups closely matches that of CQSM, and outperformed quadrature spatial modulation (QSM) and parallel quadrature spatial modulation (PQSM) by over 0.7 dB. As the number of antenna groups increased to 4, the BER performance of PCQSM with reduced number of transmit antenna and modulation order matches that of QSM. The BER of the proposed scheme using maximum likelihood (ML) receiver is also analyzed theoretically and compared with the BER obtained via simulations.



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Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

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