Crime, Housing Tenure, and Economic Deprivation: Evidence from Milwaukee, Wisconsin
This study examines the determinants of 6 types of crime in Milwaukee, a Rust Belt city that has experienced significant deindustrialization in recent decades. Inner-city areas, as well as a unique low-density area on the city’s northwest side with many rental units, might lack the social control necessary to reduce crime. Creating an index of deprivation at the block group level for 2014, we find it to be high in the central city and on the northwest side and correlated with crime, income, and other socioeconomic variables. Crime hot spots, with a few notable exceptions, are located in 2 central-city areas that are poorer and less White than other block groups. A spatial lag regression model shows that deprivation primarily drives arson and assaults, and the share of renters is shown to increase thefts and robberies in low-income areas but not high-income areas.
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Journal of Urban Affairs
Hegerty, Scott W., "Crime, Housing Tenure, and Economic Deprivation: Evidence from Milwaukee, Wisconsin" (2017). Economics Faculty Publications. 4.