Attitudes and related perceptions about product placement: A comparison of Finland, Italy and the United States
The primary goal of our study is to explore cross-national differences in attitudes and perceptions about product placements, after investigating measurement invariance. Our cross-national focus includes three countries that have not been compared previously: Finland, Italy and the USA, which differ significantly in terms of the evolution/maturity of product placement markets, regulatory structures and cultural contexts. Motivated by earlier studies, we investigate the cross-national measurement invariance of scales to measure four research constructs related to the product placement domain (attitude toward credibility of advertising, attitude toward advertising-in-general, attitude toward placement-in-general and attitude toward regulation of placements). Our research also extends earlier work focused on similar constructs from a cross-national perspective. Results from multi-group analyses using a structural equation modeling approach indicate important and statistically significant differences in latent means between the three countries for all four constructs of research interest. Substantive explanations of these differences and their implications for future practice and research are discussed.
International Journal of Advertising
Sabour, Nadia I.; Pillai, Deepa; Gistri, Giacomo; and Balasubramanian, Siva K., "Attitudes and related perceptions about product placement: A comparison of Finland, Italy and the United States" (2016). Management and Marketing Faculty Publications. 13.