Ndihokubwayo, Espérance

Ndihokubwayo, Espérance


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Interviewee Gender


Geographical Location(s) during the genocide

Mwambutsa, born Musenyi village, Matana commune, Bururui province, Gitandua, Ngozi prison

Current Geographical Location


Interview Date


Interviewer Name

Dr. Jeanine Ntihirageza, Northeastern Illinois University - Center for Genocide and Human Rights Research in Africa and the Diaspora (GHRAD)

Transcriptionist: — Pasteur Niyomwungere

Summary of Oral History

Esperance Ndihokubwayo said , “I saw horrible things, people were being killed before me, being rounded up before me, being loaded into trucks and transported to the judicial court before me. I was living nearby, they killed them before me and each night I heard people howling and agonizing. I couldn't sleep, I felt so sad. we saw the cars transporting[dead bodies], there were things like pits that they prepared to dump them into, they then piled them full and then covered them with ashes.”

Length of Oral History


Language(s) of Oral History

Kurundi, English

Language(s) of Transcripts

Kirundi, English

Translator for Transcripts

GHRAD Project Participant/ Research Team


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Download Espérance Ndihokubwayo - Oral History Transcript and Translation (Kirundi and English) (317 KB)

Ndihokubwayo, Espérance